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What we do?

Management and protection of domain, generic and territorial names
Internet right

The new space constituted on the Internet has led to the appearance of new creations, deserving protection. The copyright, design, the right of unfair competition allow to actively protect these new assets such as Internet portals, the contents ...

Domain names are now a totally essential tool for the entrepreneur who wants to act in the digital world.

What is a domain name?

A domain name is the "translation" to alphanumeric characters of an IP (Internet Protocol composed of 4 series of numbers), which is actually what Internet routers understand. This translation allows an Internet user to locate a web page or email without having to remember a series of 4 numbers (IP)

What are the different types of domain names?

Generic domains.

Generic domains were created by ICANN (the organization that manages domain names worldwide) for the use of the Internet audience and are as follows:
.com (originally for commercial enterprises)
.org (initially for non-profit organizations)
.net (originally for Internet companies)
These three domains are restricted

.edu (exclusively for U.S. educational institutions)
.gov (exclusively for U.S. government institutions)
.thousand (exclusively for U.S. military institutions)
.int (limited to entities within the International Telecommunication Union)

And since 2000,
.biz (for commercial purposes)
.info (for informational purposes)
Unrestricted use
.name (for personal names)
.aero (specifically for the world of aviation)
.museum (for museums only)
.pro (for professionals only)
.coop (for cooperatives only)

Country code domains

Country code domains were created to be used by each country. They are: (.es, .uk, .us, .de, etc.). Country code domains are used by organizations and companies that want to establish themselves on the Internet or who want to protect the identity of their brand or business name in a particular country. Territorial domains have two letters, for example, .es for Spain, .fr for France, etc. There are approximately 230 territorial domains. In Spain, the competent authority to manage the country code domain ".es" is ESNIC, a department of the Public Enterprise Body, Red.es.

A domain name is first level (.com), second level (jdnunez.com), or third level (marcas.jdnunez.com).

Registration rules of a domain

For generic domains (.com, .org, .net. .Biz, .info) Administrative rules are minimal. The name should be free and should consist only of letters of the English alphabet numbers and script. Any other type of character, including spaces, underlined, script, points and commas, is not valid. Also, the domain can not start or end in a script. The maximum length of the name is 22 characters and the minimum of two.

Territorial domains are regulated based on specific rules for each country. Those in charge of creating these rules for registration are the delegates of the NIC of each country.

In Spain, administrative registration standards are relatively restrictive:

  1. The domain must register an organization with legal existence in Spain Public Administration, Professional College, Political Party, Union, Association inscribed as such, Foundation, University, Entity, Commercial Society (Society Anonymous or Limited), Civil Societies and Asset Communities.
  2. Physical persons (not even self-employed workers with tax licensed) or the departments or divisions of companies can not register a domination.
  3. Each organism can only register a domain. That is, a company can not have two registered domains (in the case of publishers, it is not possible to have a different domain for each of the editing newspapers).
  4. The minimum length of the domain name is 3 characters and the maximum is 63.
  5. Domains that match a high-level one are prohibited (COM, MIL, GOV, ORG, INT, NET, EDU) or that are generic Internet names (TCP, Web, HTTP, Router, etc.), those that are only Own names, toponimia and generic names of products, services, etc. (rioja.es, yogourt.es, leon.es liebre.es, garcia.es, etc.). Nor are domain names contrary to law or public order, offensive or mistressing.
  6. The name must have a direct association with the name of the registrant company or with a trademark in the Patent and Brand Office

Authentic Tradition

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